Badanj is an important Paleolithic site located near Stolac, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was discovered in 1976 and is dated to the late period of the Younger Paleolithic, around 13,000 to 12,000 BC. The site consists of a multi-layered cave where periodic activities of Paleolithic homo sapiens took place. The upper layer revealed 20 cultural and geological layers belonging to the Late Paleolithic – Epigravettian. The fauna and artifacts found suggest that small groups or communities of 10-15 people lived there periodically, engaging in activities such as hunting, tool-making, and food preparation. The most significant discovery at the site is an engraved drawing of a horse, representing one of the oldest art monuments in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Similar engravings are found in other Mediterranean regions, indicating communication and artistic expression during that time.

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